The Sports Archives – History Of The Game Of Tennis In The United States

us tennis history women 1880sIn some respects a sport can be compared to a curve ball;  as the ball is thrown, the batter views it in a certain path and then as the ball curves, the path of it is altered. The sport of tennis has been something of a curve ball, as it began with various names, rules and regulations, but it began to change paths along the way. Better methods were discovered, rules that made the game fairer were established, and the competition became entertainment as it marched through the various countries.

Of course there is a great historic debate as to where the sport originated from before it banged its racket on the door of the United States. Some attribute the origin of tennis to the French in the twelfth century where they played a version of tennis with the palm of their hand as the racket. Other historians argue that actual tennis began in the sixteenth century when the use of rackets began. However, regardless of what any person considers to be the legitimate origin, there is no doubt that when tennis arrived in America, an invigorating sport was introduced to the world.

The tennis ball was first hit onto the United States court on May 21 in 1881 when the National Lawn Tennis Association was created. It is believed that a woman by the name of Mary Ewing Outerbridge was the first to set up a court at the Staten Island Cricket Club in 1874. Ironically, this is the same location that later gave birth to the National Lawn Tennis Association. Eager to organize an all-American championship the association held a U.S Open Championship tournament. Eventually the National Lawn Tennis Association would change their name in 1975 to the United States Tennis Association.

From this point forward the game began its metamorphosis as women became involved in the sport.  By 1887 the Philadelphia Cricket Club held a Women’s National singles Championship which marked a new turning point for tennis in America. As tennis became a sport that both men and women could participate in, its popularity began to grow even more. Eventually in 1975 the court was altered from grass to clay, which led to the 1978 change to a hard court surface.

National Women's Tennis Tournament at the Philadelphia Cricket Club. Photo: circa 1910-20.

National Women’s Tennis Tournament at the Philadelphia Cricket Club. Photo: circa 1910-20.

Through all of the phases that tennis has gone through, beginning with the palm of the hand as the racket, it has gradually turned into an American icon. The rackets, the prestigious athletes and the much-anticipated tournaments will forever be a product of its history.

Featured images:
  •  License: Creative Commons image source
  • Philadelphia Cricket Club:  Wikipedia

For information on Chandler tennis lessons, head over to where students of all ages and skill levels are taught tennis fundamentals and strategy.

Related Blogs:
Tennis Great René “Le Crocodile” Lacoste
What Happened to Tennis Racquets of the Past?

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3 Responses to The Sports Archives – History Of The Game Of Tennis In The United States

  1. Pingback: The Sports Archives – What Skills Do You Need To Become A Badminton Champ? | The Sports Archives Blog

  2. Pingback: The Sports Archives – The Guide To Getting Better At Tennis When You Hit A Plateau! | The Sports Archives Blog

  3. Andrea says:

    This is such a great sport. I would love to see it pick up a bit more in the states. I recently read an article about some Universities that are investing in better facilities.

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